Author: Shivashankar Rao
Jan 30, 2018
The purana has the same philosophy as in Upanishads. Vishnu here is none other than Para Brahman. It is clearly said that the appearance of the world as a separate entity (separated from Him) is an ILLUSION (Vishnu purana.1.2-6). Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara are the three aspects of the same Para Brahman (1.2.56, 1.2.66, 1.4.15, 1.9.56). The world evolves out of the original and absolute cause – Vishnu (1.1.31) or Krishna (4.12.4) through His power, Prakrithi. Infinite Jeevas, which are the reflections of the one Vishnu is seen due to Avidya.
Let us now see some of the slokas to illustrate the point made.
JNAANASWAROOPAMATHYANTHA NIRMALAM PARAMAARTHATHAHA
Thamevaarthaswaroopena bhraanthidarshanathaha sthitham
(In reality, Vishnu is jnaanaswaroopa and pure, But because of ignorance, he appears in the shape of several things) -1.2.6
SA SAJNAAM YAATHI BHAGAVAAN EKA EVA JANAARDHANAHA (1.2.66)
(In order to handle creation, sustenance, and destruction the one and only Janaardhana takes the names of Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheswara)
YATKINCHINMANASAA GRAAHYAM YADGRAAHYAM CHAKSHURAADIBHIHI
BUDDHYAACHA YATPARICHCHEDYAM THADROOPAMAKHILAM THAVA (1.4.19)
(Whatever the mind can understand, whatever the eyes and other organs can comprehend, whatever the brain can decide- they are all your forms only)-
PARAMAARTHASTVAMEVYKO NAANYOSTHI JAGATHAHAPATHE
THAVYSHA MAHIMAAYENA VYAAPTHAMETHACHCHARAACHARAM (1.4.38)
(Oh Master, YOU ARE THE ONLY TRUTH. THERE IS NOTHING OTHER THAN YOU. Because of your power, this world is seen)
YADETHAD DRISHYATHE MOORTHAMETHAD JNAANAATMANASTHAVA
BHRANTHI JNAANENA PASHYANTHI JAGADROOPAMAYOGINAHA. (1.4.39)
(This world as we see is your own forms. Those who are incompetent see it as a different thing because of their ignorance.)
SHAKTHAYO YASYA DEVASYA BRAHMA VISHNU SHIVAATMIKAAHA
BHAVANTHYABHOOTHA POORVASYA THADVISHNOH PARAMAM PADAM (1.9.56)
(The deity who has all the powers of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva is the seat of Para Brahman)
There are several other such slokas to prove the Vedic dictum “ ekam sat, vipraha bahudaa vadanthi”.